For the most part, historically, the English arrived since James Wolfe's victory over Montcalm at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham in Quebec City in 1759, a defeat which paved the way for an assault on Montreal the very next year... The fall of Quebec therefore marks the end of French rule in North America, with the exceptions of Louisiana and the Islands of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon. Thus, this is where a large part of English-speaking Quebecers find their origins, because it is in the course of the second half of the 18th century that, under the British regime, United Empire Loyalists and Anglo-Scot Protestants communities arrived on the Island of Montreal and decided to stay. These early Anglophone Protestant communities did extremely well for themselves, prospered, and would finally come to represent Quebec's upper class, the ruling elite that would last until as recently as in the 1960s when the Révolution tranquille (Quiet Revolution) brought about many changes in the Province of Quebec. Following the death of Maurice Duplessis, in 1959, secularization ensued, and since then many more changes would transform Quebec society. Most notably, these social upheavals brought about Quebec nationalism which would set the stage as early as in the 1970s for all of the sovereignty or independence/separatist movements that exist to this day.
This new Yiddish-speaking cohort of Jewish immigrants caused the Jewish population of Quebec to increase by more than 800% between 1901 and 1931, from approximately 7,000 to 60,000. These immigrants, who quickly made Yiddish the third most prevalent language in Montreal, after French and English, were at first poor in material resources, but rich in both cultural heritage and in a desire to put down roots in their new home.
Since 1957, the St-Viateur Bagel & Café (Monkland) has served freshly baked bagels in Montreal.
|Image source: http://www.tourisme-montreal.org/Gastronomie/Restaurants/st-viateur-bagel-et-cafe-monkland|
(2) Ira Robinson's article, published © 2013 FEDERATION CJA (Combined Jewish Appeal). Accessible online: http://www.federationcja.org/en/jewish_montreal/history/